Canine Acne you say?? Really?? Yes, dogs do get “zits”!!!!!
This condition causes abnormalities in the hair follicles especially around the chin and muzzle. Larger, short coated breeds are affected most often eg Great Dane, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Boxer, Doberman, Rottweiler etc. Acne is seen first in young adult animals. (BOTH my Ridgebacks suffered mildly with this and I’ve just noticed today, at age 10 months, my puppy is starting with it too) but can flare up from time to time – at 6 years old my older Ridgeback had another episode of acne that lasted about a month or so.
The symptoms as can be seen from the picture below are multiple blackheads on the chin, lips, and muzzle. A blackhead or “comedone” is where the hair follicle has been plugged by natural secrtions like oily sebum and skin debris. When the hair follicle is blocked like this, it swells causing spots and raised reddened plaques which eventually “pop” and cause scabs. They may weep fluid and develop ulcerated patches. They are not particularly itchy and most dogs don’t seem to notice it, however if the dog does find it itchy, you may notice him rubbing his face and muzzle along the carpet in an effort to ease the irritation.
If skin problems are present elsewhere on the dog, then acne may not be the cause and one should consider something else eg skin mites (see my earlier post about mites and mange).
In most cases, treatment for canine acne is unnecessary although you can treat with medicated shampoos, Aloe Vera or something like Sudocrem. If the spots have ruptured and possibly developed a secondary infection as a result, or for cases of really severe irritation, antibiotics may be prescribed. In most cases, however, perhaps after several bouts, the dog just “grows out of it” as he matures.
Canine Tip of the Day: Sprains & Fractures due to slips on ice
The UK is experiencing some pretty icy weather at the moment so it has been suggested that I pop a post up re falls and slips:-
If either YOU or YOUR DOG has a slip or fall on the ice, your word of the day to remember is RICE:
R = rest - rest the limb and take the weight off ASAP I = ice - use ice or cold compress to minimise swelling C = compression - apply a firm (but not too tight) bandage to minimse swelling E = elevate - raise the limb on a cushion
If you use a pack of frozen peas etc on dog or human, make sure to avoid a freezer burn on the skin by wrapping it in a teatowel or something to protect it.
Don't forget to check the limb higher up from the sore bit - as it might be that the limb is damaged in another place too but that pain is being masked by the more pressing injury ie if the ankle is hurt, check the knee and shoulder/hip too.
If there are ANY signs or possibility AT ALL that the limb could be fractured (severe swelling, excessive heat, lack of pulse beyond the injury, bone sticking out, abnormal shape to the limb, shortening of the limb) take the dog to the VET for urgent attention - and if YOU are the casualty, go straight to A&E for an x-ray pronto!
Remember to look out for signs of shock including pale gums, rapid heart beat and excessive panting/shallow breathing. Should you see any of these things, keep the dog warm, raise his whole back end up on a cushion and call the vet immediately. ...